The purposes of the United Nations are: to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples; to achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion; and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.
On 25 October 2006 the United Nations Office for the Least Developed Countries and MediaGlobal launched the Global Media Compact at the United Nations. The key functions of the Office of the High Representative in regard to Least Developed Countries is to assist the Secretary-General in ensuring the full mobilization and coordination of all parts of the United Nations system, with a view to facilitating the coordinated implementation of and coherence in the follow-up and monitoring of the Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries at the country, regional and global levels; and, to undertake appropriate advocacy work in favor of the least developed countries, in partnership with the relevant parts of the United Nations as well as with the civil society, media, academia and foundations.
UNDP is the United Nations’ global development network, an organization advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. On the ground in 166 countries, UNDP works with them on their own solutions to global and national development challenges. World leaders have pledged to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, including the overarching goal of cutting poverty in half by 2015. UNDP’s network links and coordinates global and national efforts to reach these Goals.
MediaGlobal signed in November 2006 the Global Media Compact with Mr. Yiping Zhou, UNDP Director of the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation (SU/SSC). The Unit was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1978. Hosted in UNDP, their primary mandate is to promote, coordinate and support South-South and triangular cooperation on a global and United Nations system-wide basis. The Special Unit operates by building and strengthening broad-based partnerships with a range of organizations, including the International Organization for Migration, UNCTAD, UNESCO, the World Bank, NGOs, the private sector, civil society and a wide variety of international development agencies.
Specific efforts that media companies are encouraged to undertake under the seven-point program of the Compact include:
* Making alleviation of poverty, disease, and hunger in poor and vulnerable countries a vital corporate priority by media organizations.
* Featuring stories and devoting primary space to articles and editorials about development issues.
* Focusing on issues of poverty, disease, and hunger in poor countries and providing current coverage.
* Reporting stories without bias or prejudice about these vulnerable countries and dealing with the constraints of these countries in a fair manner.
* Training reporters and correspondents to increase their knowledge of development issues and encouraging them to report on human-interest stories.
* Supporting the development of films, documentaries, web sites, and multimedia programs related to poverty, disease, and hunger initiatives.
* Encouraging newspapers, newswire agencies, broadcasters, and networks to make development content available to other media outlets without a rights fee.
The Global Media Compact, a joint initiative between MediaGlobal and the United Nations, was launched in October 2006 at the United Nations Secretariat in New York. The Compact represents an effort to increase awareness and understanding of the difficulties that face the world’s least developed countries.
The Compact has been devised by MediaGlobal and launched with the United Nations Office of the High Representative for Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States. It is designed to encourage media companies to increase coverage of development issues such as poverty, disease and hunger in the Least Developed Countries (LDCs), as well as dealing with these subjects in an enlightened and thoughtful way.
AUSTRALIA, BELARUS, BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA, BOTSWANA, CAMBODIA, CAMEROON, CAPE VERDE, CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC, CHINA, DENMARK, FINLAND, FRANCE, GERMANY, GREECE, GRENADA, HAITI, ICELAND, INDONESIA, IRAN, IRELAND, ISRAEL, ITALY, LAOS, MALAWI, MAURITANIA, MAURITIUS, MOLDOVA, NIGERIA, NORWAY, PALESTINE, PERU, PHILLIPINES, SAMOA, SERBIA, SIERRA LEONE, SLOVENIA, SOMALIA, SUDAN, SURINAME, SWITZERLAND, UKRAINE, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, ZAMBIA, UNITED NATIONS AGENCIES, UNITED NATIONS OFFICE OF THE HIGH REPRESENTATIVE FOR LEAST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES, UNITED NATIONS OFFICE OF THE SPECIAL ADVISOR ON AFRICA, NON GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS, UNIVERSAL PEACE FEDERATION, WORLD HUNGER YEAR